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Treaty Land Entitlement and Urban Reserves in Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan’s Treaty Land Entitlement (TLE) initiative provides funds for First Nations to purchase land to compensate them for shortfalls in the size of their reserves that were established after the treaties were signed. First Nations may use the money to purchase non-contiguous lands in towns and cities, which then become “urban reserves”.
This paper uses the Community Well-Being (CWB) index to investigate whether or not the First Nations who participated in the TLE and then purchased urban reserves have shown more rapid improvement in their community well-being than other Saskatchewan First Nations.